(CITY): Children, adolescents account for 1 in 9 of COVID-19 infections: New report reveals

Medical

ISLAMABAD:,,, On World Children’s Day (WCD), 30 iconic monuments and landmarks across Pakistan turned blue as the country celebrated, from the Khyber Pass to Mazar-e-Quaid in Karachi, from Lahore Fort to Quaid-e-Azam residency in Ziarat, and through Pakistan Monument in Islamabad, according to UN Information Centre Islamabad statement released on Friday.

This initiative, implemented by UNICEF together with the Federal Ministry of Human Rights, marked a commitment to help every girl and boy fulfill their rights under the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). It is the third year in a row that buildings in Pakistan and across the world go blue to call for a world in which the vision of the Convention of the Rights of the Child becomes a reality for every child.

Released on World Children’s Day, a new UNICEF report warned of significant and growing consequences for children as the COVID-19 pandemic lurches toward a second year, jeopardizing their rights. ‘Averting a Lost COVID Generation’ is the first UNICEF report to comprehensively outline the dire and growing consequences for children as the pandemic drags on. It shows that while symptoms among infected children remain mild, infections are rising and the longer-term impact on the education, nutrition and well-being of an entire generation of children and young people can be life-altering.

“Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic there has been a persistent myth that children are barely affected by the disease. Nothing could be further from the truth,” said Henrietta Fore, UNICEF Executive Director. “While children can get sick and can spread the disease, this is just the tip of the pandemic iceberg. Disruptions to key services and soaring poverty rates pose the biggest threat to children. The longer the crisis persists, the deeper its impact on children’s education, health, nutrition and well-being. The future of an entire generation is at risk.”

The report finds that, as of 3 November, in 87 countries with age-disaggregated data, children and adolescents under 20 years of age accounted for 1 in 9 of COVID-19 infections, or 11 per cent of the 25.7 million infections reported by these countries. More reliable, age-disaggregated data on infection, deaths and testing is needed to better understand how the crisis impacts the most vulnerable children and guide the response.

“The COVID-19 crisis is a child rights crisis. We must work together to avert a lost generation as the global pandemic threatens to cause irreversible harm to children’s education, nutrition and well-being,” said Ms. Aida Girma, UNICEF Representative in Pakistan. “This includes making sure that every child and adolescent can continue to access the essential services that are their rights so they can survive, stay healthy, learn and fulfill their potential. UNICEF staff are on the ground doing everything they can to help children and communities respond to, and recover from, the pandemic. We will continue to support the Government so that no child in Pakistan is left behind.”

While children can transmit the virus to each other and to older age groups, there is strong evidence that, with basic safety measures in place, the net benefits of keeping schools open outweigh the costs of closing them, the report notes. Schools are not a main driver of community transmission, and children are more likely to get the virus outside of school settings.

COVID-related disruptions to critical health and social services for children pose the most serious threat to children, the report says. Using new data from UNICEF surveys across 140 countries, it notes that:

Around one-third of the countries analyzed witnessed a drop of at least 10 per cent in coverage for health services such as routine vaccinations, outpatient care for childhood infectious diseases, and maternal health services. Fear of infection is a prominent reason.

There is a 40 per cent decline in the coverage of nutrition services for women and children across 135 countries. As of October 2020, 265 million children were still missing out on school meals globally. More than 250 million children under 5 could miss the life-protecting benefits of vitamin A supplementation programmes.

The 65 countries reported a decrease in home visits by social workers in September 2020, compared to the same time last year. More alarming data from the report include: As of November 2020, 572 million students are affected across 30 country-wide school closures – 33 per cent of the enrolled students worldwide. An estimated 2 million additional child deaths and 200,000 additional stillbirths could occur over a 12-month period with severe interruptions to services and rising malnutrition. An additional 6 to 7 million children under the age of 5 will suffer from wasting or acute malnutrition in 2020, a 14 per cent rise that will translate into more than 10,000 additional child deaths per month – mostly in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.

Globally, the number of children living in multidimensional poverty – without access to education, health, housing, nutrition, sanitation or water – is estimated to have soared by 15 per cent, or an additional 150 million children by mid-2020.